How 3D Printers are Different From 2D Printers?
Traditionally, the word printer means, a device which can scan the subject on the paper or any other 2D plane, and can develop the same kind of image on the desired 2D plane piece. And this is what we call printers or 2D printers. They have been in the industry for quite a long time and are helping us in various ways like apparel printing, business card/wedding card printings, brochures/banners/flyers, etc.
3D printing technology is a cutting edge technology. The name seems to describe it as an updated technology in the field of printing. If explained carefully, it’s a manufacturing device. We can understand this by knowing the functions of 3D printers are. The 3D printer is a device that can develop a miniature model of any existing of anything for testing and development purposes.
A 3D printer can develop a model of car that will look exactly like a car, and it can develop a house. Most importantly, 3D printing has found application in the medical industry. Researchers have been trying to develop tissues for the human body with the help of 3D printers.
Let’s understand the difference between traditional printing and 3D printing in brief.
While traditional printers are widely used for printing purposes, creating a Xerox image, 3D printers are used to manufacture models/products. Thus the difference is not actually between 2 different products of the printing industry, and rather it’s a difference of printing vs. manufacturing.
Raw material used
Traditional printers use ink or canon to as raw material, the better we can say, input. And this input is used to develop the image of the scanned copy. At the same time, 3D printers use a completely different substance as input.
There are various substances that have been tried and used such as ABS plastic, PLA, polyamide (nylon), glass filled polyamide, stereolithography materials (epoxy resins), silver, titanium, steel, wax, photopolymers, and polycarbonate. For different output, the input is different.
The basic characteristic of the input substance of the 3D printer is that it is in liquid/semi-liquid form in the device, but it gets hardened as soon after it comes out of the printer. So, that whatever model is being developed remain in the desired shape.
Traditional printers take an image as data to give the output. It scans the image and then prints a copy of the same image using the ink on the desired plane (paper or material.) While 3D printer takes drawing as data to give the output. A drawing is fed into the device through a computer, and then with the help of input material, it creates the same model as the drawing.
3D printers are new school education technology, and it will have very varied use in the future. It can be said that in the future our cars and houses may not be manufactured/constructed by labor but may be printed by a 3D printer. Or maybe we will get our tissue printed by a 3D printer during surgery.